- Култура и традиција
Macedonian Type of Tomb from Staro Bonce
Sun, 07/25/2010 - 22:27
The archaeological site of Pavla Cuka is situated between the villages of Podmol and Bonce. The text below refers to a Macedonian type of tomb, which is unique in its archaeological concept.
It consists of an open dromos cut in a rock, which descents into the tomb, in a ramp - like shape. It merges into the vaulted part of the dromos which is 11 meters long and 3 meters high. On both sides of the entry of the vaulted dromos, a wall was discovered, which surrounds the whole tomb in a shape of a ring.
The wall consists of three rows of monolithic blocks and reaches a height of 1.5 meters. The diameter of this wall is 32 meters, and its entire length would be around 100 meters. The vaulted part of the dromos and the wall surrounding the tomb are build with monolithic rectangular granite blocks, some of which weigh up to 2 tones. The source for these monolithic blocks is situated at approximately 800 meters south of the tomb. They were brought to the tomb in their amorphous state and then crafted further at the site. Beyond the vaulted part, the following sections of the tomb were ascertained: the atrium with dimensions 1.5x3 meters and the chamber with dimensions 4x3 meters, with a preserved height of 2 meters. The chamber and the atrium are built of precisely cut rectangular blocks made of travertine, measuring 0.5 meters in height and between 0.8 and 1.2 meters in length.
Also preserved are two marble doorsteps, where double-sided doors were once fixed. From the vaulted dromos, they led into the atrium and the chamber. At the front section and outside the dromos, namely, east and west of the dromos, eight child graves were discovered. Based on the coins excavated in them, the graves can be dated to the end of the 4th and 5th century.
According to the position of these graves, it can be concluded that the tomb was looted and destroyed in antiquity. In the absence of material finds from the time when the tomb was built, its architecture can be taken as a point of reference in establishing the dating. Namely, the earliest dating for analogous tombs with a similar vault is the period after the middle of the 4th century BC. Moreover, most who have worked on the topic agree that this type of vault featured at the Macedonian tombs began to be utilized after the conquests of Alexander III of Macedon (Alexander the Great).