- Култура и традиција
Fri, 07/30/2010 - 20:39
Demir Kapija is one of the warmest places in the Republic of Macedonia.
During the summer months, the temperature of the air often raises over 40°C. It is at altitude of 70m and it has population of 4 700 people. The gorge of Demir Kapija is the first one on the River Vardar facing the Aegean side and it represents a natural obstacle for the Mediterranean climate. The gorge is 19km long. Its limestone rocks rise to elevation of 1000m. The white-headed eagle nests and lives there and it is under the state’s strict preservation program.
The archeological findings show that over the fertile valley on the both sides of the River Boshava (right intake of the River Vardar) an antic settlement was spread, which is thought that was named Stemae (gorge, clift). The Slavic name which was kept in the middle century – Presek, as well as the Turkish name Demir Kapija (iron door) by their meaning correspond with the Greek name Stena.
On the exit of the gorge is the famous archeological locality Isar, by the village Marvinci. The settlement was part of ancient Paionia and was located on a significant traffic direction, surrounded by a fertile valley which provided good opportunities for existence. The settlement on Isar was formed by natural way in the last decades of the 6th century B.C. and it has spread over 5 hectares of land.
The archeologists have discovered many varied objects: ceramics, worked on a potter’s wheel, Hellenic ceramics, amphorae, different kinds of plates, lanterns, terra-cottas, weights, glass, metal plates, jewelry, weapons, stone plastics, grave stones, statues, coins, etc.