- Култура и традиција
Traditional house of Kratovo
Mon, 08/02/2010 - 15:32
The city of Kratovo is laying into the crater of an extinct volcano. In the centre is situated the marketplace (so called charshija) and around it are the quarters. The disposition of the houses is tiered, one above the other with free views. There were seven quarters some of them were Christian, some only Mussulman and some were mixed.
The streets can follow the isohypse of the field, and at the same time they can be long, or freely traced, they connect the previous ones; they can be steeped and to transform into stairs. There are also appearing blind alleys. The houses in the outskirts are freestanding, compared with those who are closer to the centre that is denser.
Towers are appearing. They were used for living and for defense. They had 3-4 levels. The first level was for storage of the mineral, the first and the second floor for living, and on the third floor there were balconies.
The houses on the ground floor had a porch and basement, on the floor was the winter room, kitchen and a smaller room. On the second floor, if there was a second floor, there was a guest room (one or two rooms).
The porch in the populous areas could have a function of a yard and there were placed the economic rooms. For the building of the traditional construction with a ground floor made of stone and bondruk floors (construction of wooden columns and beams covered with white plaster) were used local materials.
The interior of the house is wealthy decorated. The stairs are wooden, once very richly made. The doors can be folding or single, and the wing and the frame are wealthy decorated. The furniture that is built in can be single, like cupboard, or in battery (in a row): a built-in closet (for the covers), chimeklak (for flowers), amamlak (small bath), sergen (for the dishes). There is minder (mattress) for rest in the guest room and on the veranda.