- Култура и традиција
Traditional house in Krushevo
Fri, 07/30/2010 - 21:24
When the Vlachs left Epirus and came to live in Krushevo , they had noticed that the houses with verandas that they built in Epirus didn’t correspond to the new climatic conditions. They meet there with the Mijak culture and the MIjak Galichnik house.
In Krushevo, like in the other cities, the marketplace (so called charshija) had taken a central place, and all the streets were leading towards. The houses are freestanding and with their primal facades are looking toward the street.
The typical Kruchevo house belongs to the compact type of houses, adjusted to the climatic conditions. The connection with the Epir style of houses is through the terrace (so called logija) that replaces the opened varanda (so called chardak).
At the traditional Krushevo type of a house are appearing two types of a solution: symmetric and asymmetric solution.
The houses are having square or rectangle basis, ground floor and two other floors. The entrance is on the axis of the house. In the ground floor there are four rooms – storerooms (so called kevari/kileri). Strait from the entrance are the stairs who lead to the first floor. On the first floor there is a closed veranda (chardak) that connects the rooms for the processing of the food, the living room and the bedrooms. Hire it is appearing the room called “magjer”, where are separated the filthy things (preparation of the food, washing the dishes etc.).
On the second floor there is also a veranda (chardak) who is processed together with the guest rooms. In the guest rooms beside the windows there are minsofi*, there are niches in the walls on whose shelves was standing the porcelain. Hire are also appearing paintings, photos of the family, instruments etc.
The door is in the axis of the house, above is the terrace (logija), and above the terrace is the tympanon. Sometimes the floors can be erkerno ispushteni*, and in that case the erker* were small and in baroque style. The houses were built only for one family, and they almost never built houses for more families to live in it.